Can A Texas Law Enforcement Officer Search My Vehicle If They Smell Marijuana?

police search vehicle

What do you do if you are pulled over by a cop who says that he needs to search your car because it smells of marijuana? Not a lot of people actually know the answer to this question, since they are not aware of the laws pertaining to marijuana possession in Texas and their legal rights in the aforementioned situation. 

In this article, we take a look at the concept of ‘probable cause’ when it comes to searching your vehicle for marijuana and the necessity of having a skilled Texas criminal defense lawyer by your side to defend your rights in such cases. 


Your Constitutional Rights Regarding Searches and Seizures by Law Enforcement

The Fourth Amendment prohibits law enforcement agencies from conducting a search and seizure on a person’s property without any evidence. If the property in question happens to be your residence, the officer must obtain a warrant before he can legally enter your home and search it for contraband. 

The same rule, however, does not apply to your vehicle. Since your car, truck, or trailer is mobile, there is a possibility that you can flee the scene before the officer can obtain a warrant. So, if the officer detects the smell of marijuana coming from your car, he has probable cause to search your vehicle. 


What Causes a Cop to Search Your Vehicle for Marijuana? 

The smell of marijuana is the most commonly stated reason by cops for searching a vehicle. In addition to that, there are other factors that might confirm their suspicion. 

  • If you look dazed and disoriented
  • texas criminal defense attorneyIf your car contains pipes, vape pens, and other such paraphernalia 

In the aforementioned scenario, the cop might definitely want to check your car. 


What Should You Do if a Cop Says He Wants to Search Your Car?

If a cop says that your car smells of marijuana, you are well within your rights to deny it and say that you do not smell anything. It is, however, unlikely to deter the cop from conducting a search, since he believes that he has probable cause

Similarly, the patrol officer might ask you if you consent to a search. You can always say no, but it is not likely to stop the cop in his tracks if he believes that he has probable cause. 

In some cases, the law enforcement officer might simply ask you about marijuana to see how you react. If you look flustered or worried, it might confirm their suspicions and give them the probable cause they were looking for to search your vehicle. 

So, your best option in such a scenario is to remain calm, answer the cop’s questions in a non-confrontational tone, and clearly state that you do not consent to a search. 

If the cop finds any incriminating evidence and asks you about it, do not try to argue with him or her or respond to the officer’s questions. Instead, simply state that you need to talk to a Texas criminal defense attorney


Using Odor to Establish Probable Cause – Key Issues 

Law enforcement officials in Austin and Travis County seem to be heading in a direction where smelling for pot (or the use of drug dogs) may no longer be the first step in establishing probable cause. Police officers in these areas have been asked not necessarily to use odor alone as the element for probable cause. A number of other indicators could be used, but the police have yet to clarify what those indicators could be that might lead them to search.

The police in Texas can still arrest for marijuana possession, but how exactly they plan to navigate the waters following the passage of the new bill last year that legalized the production of hemp remains to be seen.

texas criminal defense lawyerAccording to law enforcement officials, they are still continuing with alerts provided by sniffer dogs, but unlike in the past, they may no longer be using these alerts as a standalone reason to establish probable cause. They might build a case for probable cause citing suspicious behavior during an encounter or relying on observable physical evidence, apart from considering odor smelled by them or a police dog.  


Drug Possession Lawyers in Texas

If you are charged with driving while impaired (DWI) or for marijuana possession, you should contact an experienced Texas drug possession attorney right away. Marijuana-related charges are taken very seriously by the prosecutors in Texas, so you need a highly skilled and resourceful lawyer by your side to defend your rights. 

An arrest does not mean that you are guilty. Your case can be fought, and it can be won. Flood & Associates is a team of dedicated DWI and drug possession defense attorneys who will fight tooth and nail for victory on your behalf. 

Call our team 24/7, 365 at (713) 224-5529 for a free case review or contact us online to request a free consultation with one of our attorneys.


2 thoughts on “Can A Texas Law Enforcement Officer Search My Vehicle If They Smell Marijuana?

  1. If you go to jail for possession of marijuana bc you car had the smell but you know for a fact you didn’t have any in your vehicle or on you….and you still get charge but they will not show you. I even asked to be shown. They impounded my car and now my trunk will not shut so my interior lights will not go off…I now have it parked w the battery unplugged…I feel like they searched it and took things apart in it while it was impounded

  2. I don’t know what they’re teaching cops and the academies these days but you know what I’m going to remain anonymous so I don’t want to incriminate myself but I’ve been pulled over the last what seven times in the past two months and not one police officer not one not fucking one could tell I was drunk or I was drinking or the fact that I had liquor sitting right in my cup holder but they were going to go get me for everything under the Sun but that. I got arrested and it was aggressively told to get out of my car or I was going to be ripped out of my car because my car smells like pot when I was smoking CBD and I told the cop that but he insisted on threatening me and ripping out of me on my car I got it all on video and audio as well wait I’m trying to figure out what I’m going to do with it and I was drinking so after they pulled me out of my car got physical with me trying to get me to fucking fight back they cuffed me put me in the car and then they let me go with a paraphernalia charge they took my pipe and my CBD but left my alcohol in the car and I’m not kidding this is not a joke I’m an alcoholic I’m depressed and I can’t even get myself into inpatient treatment cuz they don’t have room so my situation gets worse so now I’m driving and I’m so used to it I could drive better than people that are sober but the police couldn’t tell my drinking yet they’re going to mandate a shot for people for their security and well-being where the fuck is our government and the people’s fucking priorities nowadays. The whole thing needs to get brought down and reformed because now we got cops were trigger Happy and just want to shoot people that’s how I felt when I got pulled over and this is by the police department that I considered like family now my whole site on police officers has changed dramatically very terribly. If our government and police want to consider the people that are living on their country terrorists cuz they’re not compliant with their tyrant bullshit then guess what they’re the terrorists disguising themselves as heroes while they murder you and me.

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